In the early days, in 1949, the United Nations General Assembly created the expanded programme of Technical Assistance (EPTA), which later became the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) - The first United Nations development body financed from voluntary contributions and with the mandate to support economic planning and development in the least economically advantaged regions of the world. UNDP is currently on ground in 166 countries.
In Rwanda, there has been some gains from the recent cooperation after the 1994 genocide. Rwanda's post war and nation building priorities dovetail perfectly with the very concerns of UNDP and the expertise it has to offer. The bulk of UNDP's contribution in Rwanda between 1994 and 2001 went to help the government implement its emergency Reintegration and reconstruction programme covering areas: Recovery; Capacity building of institutions; Democratization; response to the relief of basic socio-economic needs and the collective response to the intense demands possed by the repatriation and integration of more than two million refugees.
For the period 2002 - 2006, under the new Rwanda Country Cooperation Framework (CCF), efforts are focused on the consolidation of gains and expansion of the progress achieved. Notably, UNDP has boosted government of Rwanda's capacity in key areas such as Strategic planning, Statistical management, Aid management and coordination system (CEPEX), poverty observatory, parliamentary work including three commissions for: (a) Human Rights (b) National Unity and Reconciliation and (c) Legal and Constitutional Affairs.